Ayad Arrak Mekhlif
Background: Respiratory disease, or lung disease, are pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange difficult in air breathing animals. They include conditions of the respiratory tract including the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleurae, pleural cavity, the nerves and muscles of respiration. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting, such as the common cold, influenza, and pharyngitis to life threatening diseases such as bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, tuberculosis, acute asthma, lung cancer, and severe acute respiratory syndromes, such as COVID-19. Objective: To determine the frequency of different types of respiratory disease among patients attending Ramadi respiratory consultation clinic. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out on patients with different type of respiratory disease attended to AL- Ramadi Respiratory consultation clinic during the period between 1st September 2020 to 1st April 2012. Total of 4334 patients 2066 male and 2268 female who was attended al Ramadi Respiratory center constituted the study group. Results: Of the 5685 patients studied, 2718 of them were males and 2967 were females and the female to male ratio was found to be 1.08. The P-value was not significant (P-value >0.05). In this study chronic bronchitis and acute bronchitis were noticed in higher percentages shown in table 1. With respect to the age group we notice a marked increase in the number of patients in the age group above 20 years old and below 40 years old (young group). Conclusion: This current study provides evidence that respiratory illnesses account for significant and increasing the number of patients during winter season and during this period we find markedly increase the number of patients with chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis and allergic bronchitis, which represent the leading cause of attending respiratory consultation clinic followed by pneumonia.
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